In 1978, a joint congressional resolution established Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week. The first 10 days of May were chosen to coincide with two important milestones in Asian/Pacific American history: the arrival in the United States of the first Japanese immigrants (May 7, 1843) and contributions of Chinese workers to the building of the transcontinental railroad, completed May 10, 1869.

In 1992, Congress expanded the observance to a month-long celebration. Per a 1997 U.S. Office of Management and Budget directive, the Asian or Pacific Islander racial category was separated into two categories: one, Asian and the other, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander.

Here are some facts from the U.S. Census Bureau about people in these groups:

Asians

20.3 million is the estimated number of U.S. residents in 2014 who were Asian alone or in combination.

6.3 million was the Asian alone or in combination population in California in 2014. The state had the largest Asian population, followed by New York (1.8 million). The Asian alone or in combination population represented 56.1 percent of the total population in Hawaii.

4.5 million was the number of Asians of Chinese, except Taiwanese, descent in the U.S. in 2014. The Chinese (except Taiwanese) population was the largest Asian group, followed by Asian Indians (3.8 million), Filipinos (3.8 million), Vietnamese (2.0 million), Koreans (1.8 million) and Japanese (1.4 million). These estimates represent the number of people who reported a specific detailed Asian group alone, as well as people who reported that detailed Asian group in combination with one or more other detailed Asian groups or another race(s).

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$72,689 was the median income of households headed by the Asian alone or in combination population in 2014. Median household income differed greatly by Asian group. For Asian Indians, for example, the median income in 2014 was $101,591; for Bangladeshi, it was $44,512.

12.5 percent was the poverty rate for the Asian alone or in combination population in 2014.

10.2 percent was the percentage of Asian alone or in combination population without health insurance coverage in 2014.

Business

1.9 million was the estimated number of Asian-owned firms nationally in 2012, up from 1.5 million or 23.8 percent from 2007.

74.9 percent was the estimated percent of the 1.9 million Asian-owned firms that had no paid employees. Of all U.S. businesses, 80.4 percent were non-employer firms.

$135.7 billion was the estimated sales/receipts reported by Asian firms owned by women in 2012. Male-owned Asian firms reported sales of $474.3 billion.

Education

50.6 percent was the percentage of the Asian alone or in combination population 25 and older who had a bachelor’s degree or higher level of education. This compared with 30.1 percent for all Americans 25 and older.

86.8 percent is the percentage of the 25-and-older Asian alone or in combination population who had at least a high school diploma. This estimate is not statistically different than the 86.9 percent of the total population.

21.2 percent is the percentage of 25-and-older Asian alone or in combination population who had a graduate or professional degree. This compared with 11.4 percent for all Americans 25 and older.

Voting

704,000 is the additional number of the Asian alone or in combination population who voted in the 2012 presidential election than in the 2008 election. Overall, 47.9 percent of Asians turned out to vote in 2012. A total of 4.3 million Asians voted in 2012.

Serving the Nation

2.5 percent is the percentage of the Asian alone or in combination population who were military veterans in 2014.

Jobs

49.5 percent was the proportion of civilian employed Asian alone or in combination population 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2014. Additionally, 20.7 percent worked in sales and office occupations; 17.2 percent worked in service occupations; 9.4 percent worked in production, transportation and material moving occupations; and 3.2 percent worked in natural resources, construction and maintenance occupations.

Internet Use

87.1 percent was the percentage of Asian alone or in combination households in 2014 that reported a broadband Internet subscription.

Age Distribution

33.8 was the median age of the Asian alone or in combination population in 2014. The corresponding figure was 37.7 for the population as a whole.

25.0 percent was the percentage of the Asian alone or in combination population that was under age 18 in 2014, while 9.9 percent was 65 or older.

 

 

Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders

1.5 million was the estimated number of U.S. residents in 2014 who were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander alone or in combination.

369,688 was the estimated number of Hawaii residents in 2014 who were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, alone or in combination — the most of any state. California followed with 347,501. Hawaii also had the largest portion of its population being Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander alone or in combination at 26.0 percent.

555,208 was the number of Native Hawaiians in the U.S. in 2014. The Native Hawaiian population was the largest detailed Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (NHPI) group, followed by Samoan (194,564) and Guamanian or Chamorro (133,569). These estimates represent the number of people who reported a specific detailed NHPI group alone, as well as people who reported that detailed NHPI group in combination with one or more other detailed NHPI groups or another race(s).

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$55,296 was the median income of households headed by Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination in 2014.

18.4 percent was the poverty rate in 2014 of the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination population.

11.0 percent was the percentage without health insurance in 2014 for Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination.

Business

54,749 was the estimated number of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms in 2012. The estimated number rose 45.3 percent from 37,687 in 2007.

52.9 percent was the estimated percent of the nation’s Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms that were in either California or Hawaii in 2012 (with 14,446 and14,537 firms, respectively).

24,982 is the estimated number of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander firms owned by women in 2012. Estimated 20.8 percent (5,206 firms) were in the Health Care and Social Assistance services sector.

Education

20.9 percent was the percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination age 25 and older who had a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2014. This compared with 30.1 percent for the total population.

88.0 percent was the percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination age 25 and older who had at least a high school diploma in 2014.

6.6 percent was the percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination age 25 and older who had obtained a graduate or professional degree in 2014. This compared with 11.4 percent for the total population this age.

Serving the Nation

7.1 percent was the percentage of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination who were military veterans in 2014.

Jobs

27.7 was the median age of the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone or in combination population in 2014. The median age was 37.7 for the population as a whole.

33.0 percent was the percentage of the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone or in combination population that was under age 18 in 2014, while 6.4 percent was 65 or older.

29.8 percent was the proportion of civilian employed Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2014. Additionally, 26.2 percent worked in sales and office occupations, while 22.9 percent worked in service occupations; 12.6 percent worked in production, transportation and material moving occupations; and 8.5 percent worked in natural resources, construction and maintenance occupations.

Image Source: Asian Diversity MMXLII

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